Dołączył: 30 Paź 2020
|Wysłany: Czw Lis 05, 2020 07:13 Temat postu: activated charcoal in breast cancer patients: a feasibility
|Ultrasound-guided dual-localization for axillary nodes before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with clip and activated charcoal in breast cancer patients: a feasibility study
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Background: We report on our experience of ultrasound (US)-guided dual-localization for axillary nodes before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with clip and activated charcoal to guide axillary surgery in breast cancer patients.
Methods: Between November 2017 and May 2018, a dual-localization procedure was performed under US guidance for the most suspicious axillary nodes noted at initial staging (before NAC, with clip) and restaging (after NAC, with activated charcoal) in 28 cytologically proven node-positive breast cancer patients. Patients underwent axillary sampling or dissection, which involved removing not only the sentinel nodes (SNs), but also clipped nodes (CNs) and tattooed nodes (TNs). Success (or failure) rates of biopsies of SNs, CNs, and TNs and inter-nodal concordance rates were determined. Sensitivities for the individual and combined biopsies were calculated.
Results: SN biopsy failed in four patients (14%), whereas the CN biopsy failed in one patient (4%). All TNs were identified in the surgical field. Concordance rates were 79% for CNs-TNs, 63% for CNs-SNs, and 58% for TNs-SNs. Sensitivity for SN, CN, and TN biopsy was 73%, 67%, and 67%, respectively. Sensitivity was 80% for any combination of biopsies (SN plus CN, SN plus TN, SN plus CN plus TN).
Conclusions: US-guided dual-localization of axillary nodes before and after NAC with clip and activated charcoal was a feasible approach that might facilitate more reliable nodal staging with less-invasive strategies in node-positive breast cancer patients.
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Keywords: Axillary nodes; Clipped node; Localization; Neoadjuvant chemotherapy; Sentinel node; Tattooed node.